Confined in California

Confined in California: Women and Girls of Color in Custody, co-authored by Monique Morris, Stephanie Bush-Baskette, and Kimberlé Crenshaw, sheds light upon the increasing rates of criminalization and incarceration of Black and Latina women in California over the last decade.  The Report presents statistics on adult and juvenile females of color, highlighting the connection between race, gender, and criminalization in California.  Significant statistical trends in criminalization are highlighted, revealing racialized and gendered vulnerabilities that, when compounded, create a pipeline to incarceration to which girls and women of color are specially vulnerable.  The Report goes on to highlight policy, research, and programmatic implications for its findings, ultimately underscoring the ongoing need for further statistical work in the field in addition to issuing a call for gender and race sensitive interventions honed to combat disproportionate criminalization and incarceration of females of color in the future.