Infant Mortality: Infant mortality for Blacks Americans is over twice the rate for white Americans. Black infants are 3.5 times as likely to die as infants due to complications related to low birth weight as compared to white infants.
Health care: A 2002 report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) concluded that for almost every disease studied, Black Americans received less effective care than white Americans; these disparities persisted despite matching for socioeconomic and insurance status.
Life span: A 2010 CDC Report found that life expectancy for the Black population was 3.8 years lower than that of the white population. This difference was due to higher death rates for the Black population for heart disease, cancer, homicide, diabetes, and perinatal conditions. Black-white differences in mortality have been estimated to account for the premature deaths of 260 African Americans every day.
Income: In 2013, for every dollar of household income white people earned, Black households earned 59 cents. This is identical to the Black-white gap in income in 1978.
Wealth: In 2011, the median wealth for white households was $111,146 compared to the median wealth for Black households of $7,113.The typical Black household now has just 6% of the wealth of the typical white household.
Unemployment: As of January 2016, the unemployment rate for Black Americans is 8.8% compared to 4.3% for white Americans.
School to Prison Pipeline: Black children are disproportionately affected by zero tolerance disciplinary policies in schools. For instance, from 2011-2012, Black girls in New York were nearly ten times more likely to be suspended than their white counterparts. Such policies push Black girls out of school and into the juvenile justice system, where they receive more severe sentences than any other group of girls and where they are also the fastest growing population in the system.
Schooling: Black students are more likely to attend underfunded schools. A 2012 report by the Center for American Progress revealed "a 10 percentage-point increase in the share of nonwhite students in a school is associated with a $75 decrease in per student spending."
Education: A white family at the median sees a return of $55,869 from completing a four-year degree while a Black family sees $4,846.
Criminal Record: Black Americans make up around 14 percent of the national population, but comprise 38 percent of the total prison population; a 2003 study revealed that 5% of Blacks received a callback after a job interview compared to 34% of whites with a criminal record.
Racial Profiling: From 2005 to mid-2008, approximately 80 percent of total stops made by the NYPD were of Blacks, who comprise 25% of the city’s population. Only 10 percent of stops were of Whites, who comprise 44 percent of the city’s population.
State Violence: Non-white Americans make up less than 38% of the population yet almost half of all people killed by the police are minorities. As of 2015, 41 percent of all unarmed people killed by police were Black